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Unit: Basic Economic Concepts

AP Micro:
CBA (BI)
,
MKT (BI)

0

Possible mastery points
AP Micro:
MKT (BI)
,
MKT‑1 (EU)
,
MKT‑1.B (LO)
,
MKT‑1.B.1 (EK)
,
MKT‑1.B.2 (EK)
Level up on the above skills and collect up to 200 Mastery points
Level up on the above skills and collect up to 400 Mastery points
AP Micro:
CBA (BI)
,
CBA‑1 (EU)
,
CBA‑1.A (LO)
,
CBA‑1.A.1 (EK)
,
CBA‑1.A.2 (EK)
,
CBA‑1.B (LO)
,
CBA‑1.B.1 (EK)
,
CBA‑1.B.2 (EK)
Level up on the above skills and collect up to 300 Mastery points
Up next for you:

Unit test

Level up on all the skills in this unit and collect up to 900 Mastery points!

About this unit

In any economy, the existence of limited resources along with unlimited wants results in the need to make choices. In this unit, we introduce concepts of opportunity costs and trade-offs, and illustrate these concepts by using the production possibilities curve. We then consider how different types of economies determine which goods and services to produce, how to produce them, and to whom to distribute them. This unit also covers why and how specialization and exchange increase the total output of goods and services, with a discussion of absolute and comparative advantage. Finally, we touch on the importance of property rights, the role of incentives in the functioning of free markets, and the principle of marginal analysis.
AP® is a registered trademark of the College Board, which has not reviewed this resource.