- Life after slavery for African Americans
- The origins of Jim Crow - introduction
- Origins of Jim Crow - the Black Codes and Reconstruction
- Origins of Jim Crow - the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments
- Origins of Jim Crow - Compromise of 1877 and Plessy v. Ferguson
- Plessy v. Ferguson
- The Compromise of 1877
- Jim Crow
- The New South
- The South after the Civil War
The Reconstruction era after the Civil War saw the passing of the 14th and 15th Amendments, granting full citizenship and voting rights to African Americans. Despite these laws, Southern states resisted with black codes and the Ku Klux Klan. Federal troops occupied the South until states acknowledged the 14th Amendment.
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- What were the names of the last two states to rewrite their constitution and have the troops removed?(5 votes)
- what if you were black and an immigrant? did they do anything different?(4 votes)
- why was the black code involde? why did they need citizenships? why was the voting write only for women?(3 votes)
- All people who identify with a nation need citizenship. Being born there is enough reason. That's part of what it means to be America... people born here are citizens.
The "black codes" were invalid because they were racist. All "racial" categorization of human beings is invalid. We are all ONE under the skin, and should be ONE no matter what amount of melanin our skin contains. The amendments that granted voting to women nationwide were necessary because at the beginning, America only let property owning white males vote. It took over 100 years to allow voting to all Americans over 21 years of age, and another 50 or so to grant it to all Americans old enough to carry a gun in a war. I know that, because I went to war (in 1970) not old enough to vote, but bny 1972 the age was dropped to 18.(5 votes)
- Did the 15th amendment only apply to African American men who owned property or was it just African American men over the age of 18 in general? Thank you.(3 votes)
- how did reconstrution work?(5 votes)
- Kim makes it sound like the troops were deployed to the south merely to enforce an already legally ratified amendment. But according to this video (https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/civil-war-era/reconstruction/v/reconstruction-amendments-14th-amendment) (See3:41) and this Wikipedia page (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution#Ratification_by_the_states) it seems like the troops came there in order to force the states to ratify the amendment. How is that legal?(4 votes)
- Do we still use the Admendments to this day?(2 votes)
- Yes, we do still use the Amendments to this day. Once an amendment is passed, it can only be repealed by another amendment (i.e. the Prohibition).(3 votes)
- I heard that Andrew Johnson (impeach him) opposed these amendments. Is that
true? He served as vice president for Abraham Lincoln, who would have agreed with
the 14th and 15th amendments.
And speaking of the 15th Amendment, did Ulysses Grant want it to include women?(3 votes)
- How did the era of reconstruction come about?(2 votes)
- The Era of Reconstruction was the time after the Civil War where the northern powers tried to make at fairer country for the African, Indian, Asian, and in general Non-White men who where being repressed.(3 votes)
- Did Kentucky leave the Union? (3:31)(2 votes)
- [Voiceover] In the last video we were talking about the era of reconstruction and how after the Civil War when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution outlawed slavery many Southern states enacted laws known as black codes, which in many cases were really just slavery by another name. They prevented African Americans from voting, from owning firearms, from not being in some kind of labor contract, or they might be enslaved or jailed for vagrancy and the North, controlled by a republican Congress, was outraged by these codes having just fought an incredibly destructive war to end slavery. In response to the black codes, Congress passed the 14th Amendment to the Constitution and the 14th Amendment... guaranteed that anyone born in the United States, regardless of previous condition of servitude, had full citizenship, meaning they're entitled to all the rights and privileges of being a citizen, and equal protection under the law. So a law could not target someone on the basis of their race. Now to enforce the 14th Amendment, Congress sent federal troops to the states in the South, divided the Southern region up into military zones and said that the South would be occupied by federal troops until the states rewrote their constitutions to recognize the 14th Amendment, in effect to give equal citizenship to African Americans. In fact they also passed the 15th Amendment two years later in 1870, which said voting rights are included among these citizenship rights guaranteed in the 14th Amendment. I should mention that these voting rights were only for African American men as women will not get the right to vote until 1920. So from the 14th Amendment until 1877 there's a military occupation in the South and military troops are only taken away from the Southern states when they write their constitutions to grant equal citizenship to African Americans. Now you can imagine in the South where whites have had racial supremacy from the 1600s, getting them to recognize social equality with African Americans was an incredible struggle and it was a struggle that the republicans in Congress and the federal troops really didn't win. This is the era of the Ku Klux Klan, which ran terrorist raids at night trying to prevent African Americans from voting or to prevent their allies from helping them to vote. This era of reconstruction was really a continuation of the Civil War where troops from the North tried to enforce the 14th Amendment, tried to enforce the end of slavery and the citizenship of African Americans with really implacable resistance from white Southerners. So by 1877, only two states were left that still had troops 'cause the rest of the states had rewritten their constitutions to acknowledge the 14th Amendment. But that is not to say that racial equality had been achieved in the South whatsoever. So what happened in 1877? Which is generally known as the end of reconstruction and the beginning of this period of Jim Crow segregation. Well we'll get to that in the next video.