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### Course: 4th grade (Eureka Math/EngageNY)>Unit 3

Lesson 7: Topic G: Division of thousands, hundreds, tens, and ones

# Intro to long division (no remainders)

Watch an introduction to long division with the problem 96÷4.   Created by Sal Khan.

## Want to join the conversation?

• how can there not be a remainder? i don't understand
• There's no remainder if a number can go into another number evenly.
It's sort of like if you have 5 fingers, and you have a weird glove that only has 4 fingers. You can put all your fingers in except for one. That one finger is your REMAINING finger outside the glove.

Another example: You have 24 cookies to share with your 4 friends. You go to school and ask them to hold out their hands and you start handing out cookies one at a time.
One for Jon, one for Terry, one for Kate, one for Ben.
One for Jon, one for Terry, one for Kate, one for Ben.
On and on until you run out of cookies.
You'd notice that you end perfectly on Ben, and each of them have 6 cookies each.

24/4 = 6 without remainders.
• I could use some practice
• So, you need practice? First you can see this link,: https://www.education.com/worksheets/division/
and figure it out from there! Then search it up, view tables, print worksheets, and strive to become a star!
• I don't get it yet
• Here are the steps to perform long division:

Write the dividend and divisor in the standard long division format, with the dividend on the left and the divisor on the right, separated by a division symbol.
Determine how many times the divisor goes into the first digit (or first few digits) of the dividend. Write this number above the dividend, as the first digit(s) of the quotient.
Multiply the divisor by the quotient digit(s) you just wrote and write the result below the first digit(s) of the dividend.
Subtract the product from the first digit(s) of the dividend. Write the result below the line.
Bring down the next digit of the dividend and write it next to the result from the previous step. This gives you a new number to divide.
Repeat steps 2-5 until you have divided all the digits in the dividend.
The final result is the quotient, and any leftover amount after dividing all the digits is the remainder.
• dude this helped me a lot thanks i did not understand befor
• hey! no problem!
• this helped alot
• My mom taught me to do the doghouse strategy.
• I learned short division. Is that different than long division?
• Want is 10 divided by 10?
• 1 is the answer
(1 vote)
• What does compute mean?
• make a calculation, especially using a computer.
"modern circuitry can compute faster than any chess player"
INFORMAL
• I remember doing this type of division but this is a new way to divide and I'm not used to solving division like this.

I just wish there was more session and explanation on how to do this division. I'll revisit this and learn because it looks a little bit quicker and more practical.

## Video transcript

In this video, I'll introduce you to a new way of computing division, especially for larger numbers. And then we'll think a little bit about why it works. So we're going to try to compute what 96 divided by 4 is. And I'm going to write it a little bit differently. I'm going to write 96 divided by-- so I'm going to write this strange-looking symbol right over here, this thing that covers the 96. But you could view this as 96 divided by 4. And I'll show you in a second why we write it this way. This is actually a very useful way of actually computing it. So the first thing we'll do is we'll say, well, how many times does 4 go into 9? Well, we know that 4 times 2 is equal to 8 and that 4 times 3 is equal to 12. So 3 would be too much. We would go above 9. So we want to be below 9 but not have too much left over. We want the largest number that gets us into 9 without going over 9. So we'll say it goes two times. 4 goes into 9 two times. And then we say, what's 2 times 4? Well, 2 times 4 is 8. 4 times 2 is 8. Or 2 times 4 is 8. And now, we subtract. We subtract the 8 from the 9. And we get 1. And now we bring down the next digit, which is the 6. And then we ask ourselves, well, how many times does 4 go into 16? Well, in this case, we know that 4 goes into 16 exactly four times. 4 times 4 is 16. So we say 4 goes into 16 four times. Then we multiply 4 times 4 is 16. We subtract. And 16 minus 16, we have absolutely nothing left over. And there we have our answer. I know it seems kind of magical at this point. But in a few seconds, we're going to think about why this actually worked. We got that 96 divided by 4 is equal to-- I want to do that in a different color-- 24. Now, what I want you to do right now is pause this video and think about why did this actually work. How did we magically get the right answer here? And you can verify this. Multiply 4 times 24, and you will get 96. Well, I'm assuming you gave a go at it. And the important thing always is to keep track of the place value. And it really tells you what's going on when we do this process. When we looked at this 9 right over here, this 9 is in the tens place. This is actually representing 90. It represents 9 tens. So we're saying, well, how many times does 4 go into 90 if we're thinking about multiples of 10? Well, it goes 20 times. 4 times 20 is 80. And so we said, well, 4 times 20 is 80. But we still have 16 left over. You do 96 minus 80. You have 16 left over to divide 4 into. And then 4 goes into 16 four times. So really, a lot of this is just saying, well, we first figured out that we could go 20 times. And then we said, well, that doesn't get us all the way to 96. We have to go another four times. Hopefully, that helps.