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### Course: 7th grade (Illustrative Mathematics) > Unit 6

Lesson 7: Lesson 13: Reintroducing inequalities# Testing solutions to inequalities

Inequalities are like puzzles where you compare two things. You can solve these puzzles by trying different numbers and seeing which ones make the puzzle true. Some numbers will work for one puzzle but not for another. It's all about finding the right fit!

## Want to join the conversation?

- is it possible for there to be a negative X?(43 votes)
- yes x can be any value rational or irrational.(22 votes)

- How did he get the numbers 0 1 2 5?(8 votes)
- There is no magic. You can pick any number you want and test it to see if it is a solution to the inequality. Sal just happened to select: 0, 1, 2, and 5.(32 votes)

- I don't under stand this at all(8 votes)
- If you have no trouble solving for regular equations you shouldn't let inequalities scare you away. They may seem confusing but if you learn what the symbols represent and learn to recognize inequalities than you will be fine.

Dont stress it.

Take breaks and if anything repeat what Sal says a loud to yourself. That helps me a lot to understand and listen to what is going on.(26 votes)

- Sal kinda lost me at the number two... Because he says 2+2 < 2

*2 even tho it would be 4 < 4 which he says is correct but then,when it comes to 3*2+4 > 5*2 which would be 10 > 10 the answer is incorrect-...Why?(12 votes)- In the first one, the inequality is "less than OR equal to". Since 4=4, the inequality is true.

In the 2nd one, the inequality is "greater than". Since 10 is not greater than 10, it is false.

Hope this helps.(14 votes)

- why is it possible for an x to be negative(9 votes)
- yes x can be any number so it could be -1000 if you want it to(19 votes)

- Can you guys help me solve this 2x2+3+4x(12 votes)
- If the x in between the 2's represents multiplication, then this is the answer.

(1.) 2 * 2 + 3 + 4x (Multiplication comes first)

(2.) 4 + 3 + 4x (Now the addition)

(3.) 7 + 4x (This is the final answer because no like terms remain.)(11 votes)

- At2:16don't you have to mutiply 2x2(11 votes)
- Also, the way you have written it out makes it look like two times two, which would equal 4...(9 votes)

- Hi my name is Joel and how do you add the variables.(9 votes)
- Hi Joel,

If you want to add the variables you need to combine 2 coefficients with the same variable.

Ex: 2x + 2x = 4x, 4x - 2x = 2x. These are correct

Ex: 3y + 2x = For this there is no answer cuz they have 2 different variables.

Hope this helps!!

Thank You(12 votes)

- this is too hard to understand(8 votes)
- Try to watch many videos and do every question with the video. It helps.(10 votes)

- what is the point of greater or equal to or less than a equal to signs?(8 votes)
- We can't take the square root of a negative number and expect to get a real output. Therefore we can say that 'x' must be greater than
**or equal to**0, if we want to take the square root of x.(5 votes)

## Video transcript

- [Voiceover] We have two
inequalities here, the first one says that x plus two is
less than or equal to two x. This one over here in I guess
this light-purple-mauve color, is three x plus four
is greater than five x. Over here we have four numbers
and what I want to do in this video is test whether
any of these four numbers satisfy either of these inequalities. I encourage you to pause this video and try these numbers out, does
zero satisfy this inequality? Does it satisfy this one?
Does one satisfy this one? Does it satisfy that one? I encourage you to try
these four numbers out on these two inequalities. Assuming you have tried that, let's work through this together. Let's say, if we try out
zero on this inequality right over here, let's substitute x with zero. So, we'll have zero plus two needs to be less than or equal to two times zero. Is that true? Well, on the left hand side,
this is two needs to be less than or equal to zero. Is that true, is two less
than or equal to zero? No, two is larger than zero. So this is not going to be
true, this does not satisfy the left hand side
inequality, let's see if it satisfies this inequality over here. In order to satisfy it,
three times zero plus four needs to be greater than five times zero. Well three times zero is just
zero, five times zero is zero. So four needs to be greater
than zero, which is true. So it does satisfy this inequality right over here so zero does satisfy this inequality. Let's try out one. To satisfy this one, one plus
two needs to be less than or equal to two. One plus two is three, is three
less than or equal than two? No, three is larger than two. This does not satisfy
the left hand inequality. What about the right hand
inequality right over here? Three times one plus four
needs to be greater than five times one. So three times one is three, plus four. So seven needs to be greater
than five, well that's true. Both zero and one satisfy
three x plus four is greater than five x, neither of them
satisfy x plus two is less than or equal to two x. Now let's go to the two. I know it's getting a
little bit unaligned, but I'll just do it all in the
same color so you can tell. Let's try out two here, two
plus two needs to be less than or equal to two times two. Four needs to be less
than or equal to four. Well four is equal to
four and it just has to be less than or equal, so this satisfies. This satisfies this inequality. What about this purple inequality? Let's see, three times
two plus four needs to be greater than five times two. Three times two is six plus four is ten, needs to be greater than 10. 10 is equal to 10, it's
not greater than 10. It does not satisfy this inequality. If this was a greater than or equal to it would have satisfied but it's not. 10 is not greater than 10. It would satisfy greater than or equal to because 10 is equal to 10. So two satisfies the left hand one but not the right hand one. Let's try out five. Five plus two needs to
be less than or equal to two times five, once
again everywhere we see an x, we replace it with a five. Seven needs to be less
than or equal to 10. Which is absolutely true,
seven is less than 10. So it satisfies less than or equal to. Five satisfies this
inequality and what you're probably noticing now is
that an inequality can have many numbers that satisfy. In fact they sometimes will
have nothing that satisfies it and sometimes they might
have an infinite number of numbers that satisfy it and
you see that right over here. We're just testing out a few numbers. For this left one, zero
and one didn't work, two and five did work. This right one, zero and
one worked, two didn't work. Let's see what five does. In order for five to
satisfy it, three times x. Now we're gonna try x being five. Three times five plus four
needs to be greater than five times five. Three times five is fifteen,
fifteen plus four is nineteen. Nineteen is to be greater
than 25, it is not. So five does not satisfy this inequality right over here. Anyway, hopefully you found that fun.