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Percent of a whole number

Discover how to calculate percentages with a simple example: finding 30% of 6. Learn two methods, using fractions and decimals, to solve this problem. Both approaches lead to the same result, showing that 30% of 6 equals 1.8. Master these techniques for everyday calculations. Created by Sal Khan.

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  • aqualine ultimate style avatar for user Ryanne Mills
    At , how do you turn the improper fraction into a mixed number?
    (6 votes)
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  • winston default style avatar for user BS-732298
    I don't understand how Sal turned the fraction into a decimal. How is 4/5 related to 4 divided by 5? (At )
    (12 votes)
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  • scuttlebug green style avatar for user just a ghost learning [STATUS: ONLINE]
    Here's what I did so maybe it will help you guys.
    (Please don't say I'm getting this off of AI, 'cause im not, I just did some random multiplying and converting and when I put my answer is was correct every time. Im saying this because this has happened before.)
    ______________

    So this is one of the questions in the exercises you have to do. These question come from the "Benchmark percents" exercise.

    What is 1% of 800? (Fact! The "of" in 1% of 800, mean "times" (x) in math, so it really translates: What is 1% x 800?)
    __________

    First we convert.
    1% = 1/100

    Then we divide:
    1 ÷ 100 = 0.01

    Now we can get back to the original question; What is 1% of 800?

    Multiply 0.01 by 800;
    0.01 x 800 = 8!

    So 1% of 800 (1% x 800) = 8!

    __________________

    This question comes from the "Equivalent representations of percent problems" exercise.
    _______

    Which of the following options have the same value as 62% of 45? Chose 2 answers:

    a) 0.62 x 45
    b) 45 ÷ 0.62
    c) 62/100 x 45
    d) 62 ÷ 45
    e) 62 x 45
    _______________

    Now this is just like the first question but asking us what equation is for the correct value of the question "Which of the following options have the same value as 62% of 45?"

    So lets just solve the equation 62% of 45.

    Convert:
    62% = 62/100- WAIT you could stop right here and do 62/100 x 45 instead of converting 62/100 to a decimal.

    Which option has 62/100 x 45? Option c) does. So c) is one of our answers. And we can check.

    Lets finish our work.
    62% = 62/100

    62 ÷ 100 = 0.62

    0.62 x 45 = 27.9

    Now check to see if 60/100 x 45 has the same answer as 27.9.

    62/100 x 45 = 27.9!!

    So c) 62/100 x 45 is one correct answer.

    Now we need one more answer since the question asks for 2.

    Lets review our options.

    a) 0.62 x 45
    b) 45 ÷ 0.62
    c) 62/100 x 45 CORRECT
    d) 62 ÷ 45
    e) 62 x 45

    Okay so we 4 more left now we could just enter every question into a calculator to see if it would equal 27.9. But there's a faster and better way to go about this.

    Back when we were answering the question 62% of 45 there was a moment we had the number 0.62. And we were multiplying it by 45.
    (0.62 x 45)
    That equation is in one of our options. Which one has "0.62 x 45"? option a) does. And we don't even have to check it. We literally did it under the phrase I wrote "Lets finish our work."

    0.62 x 45 does = 27.9

    So our answers to the question "Which of the following options have the same value as 62% of 45" is option c) and a).
    a) 0.62 x 45 CORRECT
    b) 45 ÷ 0.62
    c) 62/100 x 45 CORRECT
    d) 62 ÷ 45
    e) 62 x 45


    If you guys want be to talk about the last exercise in khan academy which is called "Finding percents". Upvote this please!
    (18 votes)
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  • blobby green style avatar for user CecilieEpley5
    at a scale of 500 percent a measurment is 165mm. what is the actual size?
    (9 votes)
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    • duskpin ultimate style avatar for user Aria
      The video teaches how to find a percentage of a number, here you're given the percentage and looking for the original number, so you should reverse the operation, and do division.

      What is the number when multiplied by 500/100 (that's 500%) gives 165?
      ? x 500/100 = 165

      You can divide 165 by 500/100 to find the answer, or since we're dividing by a fraction, you can just multiply by its reverse, so it becomes likes this:
      165 x 100/500 = ?
      (165 x 100) / 500 = 16500 / 500
      16500 / 500 = 33

      The original number should be 33.
      (11 votes)
  • duskpin seed style avatar for user fahimfarhanlegend
    Why make these things so complex? I will just divide 6 by 100. And then multiply by 30.
    6/100=0.06
    0.06*30=1.8

    simple as that.
    (9 votes)
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    • stelly blue style avatar for user Kim Seidel
      Sal is showing different approaches that can be used for this problem. Pick one that works for you.

      Note: While your method works, you do have a process error. Technically, you treated the problem as 6% * 30 when the problem is 30% * 6 = 30/100 * 6 = 0.3 * 6 = 1.8
      (9 votes)
  • blobby green style avatar for user rashmi101083
    The video teaches how to find a percentage of a number, here you're given the percentage and looking for the original number, so you should reverse the operation, and do division.

    What is the number when multiplied by 500/100 (that's 500%) gives 165?
    ? x 500/100 = 165

    You can divide 165 by 500/100 to find the answer, or since we're dividing by a fraction, you can just multiply by its reverse, so it becomes likes this:
    165 x 100/500 = ?
    165 x 100 = 16500
    16500 / 500 = 33

    The original number should be 33.
    It will help you to understand...if you could then hit a like 👍🏻👍🏻
    (10 votes)
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  • blobby green style avatar for user 28tmedina
    These comments are very old!
    Not to waste your time reading this, but if i did waste your time I'm so sorry
    (11 votes)
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  • aqualine sapling style avatar for user georgie
    this is too quick can someone explain it to me?
    (4 votes)
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    • blobby blue style avatar for user Skylar
      So basically 50% of 100 is 50, and 50% of 5 is 2.5, if you get fractions and decimals then this is easy.
      Here is a method to make calculating percentages easier.
      Graph paper or any paper recommended
      Let's say I want to find 80% of 200, then I would write 200 x 80 (over 100)= ?. The two 0s from the 80 over 100 and 200 cancel out each other. 80 * 2= 160, so 160 is 80% of 200.
      Hope this helps
      (10 votes)
  • aqualine ultimate style avatar for user Stella
    Can you explain it better Sal other then that Khan Academy is awsome
    (5 votes)
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    • starky tree style avatar for user southside joji
      Multiply the whole number by 100. The resulting answer is its value as a percentage. Another way is to add a decimal point after the whole number such as 4, and then move the decimal two spaces to the right, fill in each of those empty spaces with a zero, and add a percentage symbol = 400%.
      (5 votes)
  • aqualine ultimate style avatar for user niajanehannival
    Sal drawing a dot instead of a multiplication symbol doesn't help my confusion...
    (3 votes)
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Video transcript

Let's see if we can figure out what 30% of 6 is. So one way of thinking about 30%-- this literally means 30 per 100. So you could view this as 30/100 times 6 is the same thing as 30% of 6. Or you could view this as 30 hundredths times 6, so 0.30 times 6. Now we could solve both of these, and you'll see that we'll get the same answer. If you do this multiplication right over here, 30/100-- and you could view this times 6/1-- this is equal to 180/100. And let's see. We can simplify. We can divide the numerator and the denominator by 10. And then we can divide the numerator and the denominator by 2. And we will get 9/5, which is the same thing as 1 and 4/5. And then if we wanted to write this as a decimal, 4/5 is 0.8. And if you want to verify that, you could verify that 5 goes into 4-- and there's going to be a decimal. So let's throw some decimals in there. It goes into 4 zero times. So we don't have to worry about that. It goes into 40 eight times. 8 times 5 is 40. Subtract. You have no remainder, and you just have 0's left here. So 4/5 is 0.8. You've got the 1 there. This is the same thing as 1.8, which you would have gotten if you divided 5 into 9. You would've gotten 1.8. So 30% of 6 is equal to 1.8. And we can verify it doing this way as well. So if we were to multiply 0.30 times 6-- let's do that. And I could just write that literally as 0.3 times 6. Well, 3 times 6 is 18. I have only one digit behind the decimal amongst both of these numbers that I'm multiplying. I only have the 3 to the right of the decimal. So I'm only going to have one number to the right of the decimal here. So I just count one number. It's going to be 1.8. So either way you think about it or calculate it, 30% of 6 is 1.8.