Main content

## Algebra (all content)

### Course: Algebra (all content) > Unit 7

Lesson 13: Average rate of change word problems# Average rate of change review

CCSS.Math:

Review average rate of change and how to apply it to solve problems.

## What is average rate of change?

The average rate of change of function f over the interval a, is less than or equal to, x, is less than or equal to, b is given by this expression:

It is a measure of how much the function changed per unit, on average, over that interval.

It is derived from the slope of the straight line connecting the interval's endpoints on the function's graph.

*Want to learn more about average rate of change? Check out this video.*

## Finding average rate of change

### Example 1: Average rate of change from graph

Let's find the average rate of change of f over the interval 0, is less than or equal to, x, is less than or equal to, 9:

We can see from the graph that f, left parenthesis, 0, right parenthesis, equals, minus, 7 and f, left parenthesis, 9, right parenthesis, equals, 3.

### Example 2: Average rate of change from equation

Let's find the rate of change of g, left parenthesis, x, right parenthesis, equals, x, cubed, minus, 9, x over the interval 1, is less than or equal to, x, is less than or equal to, 6.

*Want to try more problems like this? Check out this exercise.*

## Want to join the conversation?

- Over which interval does h have a negative average rate of change? Can I ask for a some help please? because I looked at the problems above but it still seems a little confusing to me.(12 votes)
- Remember that the rate of change is just the slope of the function. Look back at some of those problems to identify intervals with positive and negative slopes.

Hope this helps. <|:)(19 votes)

- I need help to solve this and I don't know how to solve this.

Here is the question and the problem:

Solve the system of equations.

−9y+4x−20=0

-7y+16x-80=0(4 votes)- First, it will simplify things if we convert everything to standard form (Ax+By=C) such that the terms without a variable are on the other side of the equation.

In this way, we get:

4x-9y=20 and 16x-7y=80

Then, we look for a way to get one of the variables to cancel out with the other equation. Thus, we multiply the entirety of the first equation by 4:

16x-36y=80 and 16x-7y=80

Since we have identical coefficients for the x-variable in both equations, we can subtract one equation from the other so that the x-terms cancel out.

16x-36y=80

-16x-7y =80

-----------------

-43y=0

We have successfully isolated y. From here, we can divide both sides of the equation by -43 to get the value of y:

y=0

From here, we can plug the y-value back into one of the previous equations to determine the x-value:

4x-9y=20

4x-9(0)=20

4x=20

This yields the solution:

x=5

In these system of equations problems, your strategy should be as follows: choose one variable and eliminate it, solve for the other variable, and then plug the value of the solved variable into the original equation to solve for the unsolved variable.(5 votes)

- What interval should I use if I was given 0<t<10?(3 votes)
- That is the interval or inputs so you should find the corresponding OUTPUTS.(3 votes)

*can there be no solution to this type of problem?*(1 vote)- Finding an average rate of change is just finding the slope between 2 points. You can always find the slope.

m = (y2-y1)/(x2-x1)

The slope could be 0. It could be a number/0 = undefined. Or, it could be an integer or fraction.(4 votes)

- why does it not tell me exactly where it hits the line while i find the average I got a question and it was impossible to tell where it hit the lone exactly I and all the possible answers where less then 2 numbers close together(2 votes)
- i don't exactly understand what your saying, but you can report questions that are unclear or confusing by clicking the "report problem" link in the question.(1 vote)

- Should the name of "Mean Value Theorem" asked in the practice questions in this unit be specified as "Mean Value Theorem for for derivatives" to distinguish that for integrals?(2 votes)
- What is the average rate of change of F over the interval -7≤x≤2?(2 votes)
- f(x)=x

2

−x−1f, left parenthesis, x, right parenthesis, equals, x, squared, minus, x, minus, 1

Over which interval does fff have an average rate of change of zero?(1 vote)- Your function creates a parabola when graphed. So have an average rate of change = 0, your interval would need 2 points on direct opposite sides of the parabola. A line thru those 2 points would be a horizontal line and have a slope of 0.(2 votes)

- How do you find rate of change from a equation such as y=3.75+1.5(x-1)?(1 vote)
- The rate of change would be the coefficient of
`x`

. To find that, you would use the distributive property to simplify`1.5(x-1)`

. Once you do, the new equation is`y = 3.75 + 1.5x -1.5`

. Subtract 1.5 from 3.75 next to get:`y = 1.5x + 2.25`

. Since 1.5 is the coefficient of x, 1.5 would be the rate of change.

Hope that helps! If you have any more questions, you can ask me :)(2 votes)

- This doesn't exactly pertain to this lesson, but it is still rate of change, hah. I'm having trouble finding help for this.

I'm trying to solve a problem for both distance and time when I only have rate. How would I do that? I know that the distance equation is d=r/t and the time equation is t=d*r.(1 vote)- You have your formulas mixed up.

Distance: D=RT

Time: T=D/R

It would be helpful to see the actual problem. There is a lot of variation in distance, rate, and time problems. So, it is hard to give you 1 technic that will work for all.(2 votes)