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## Algebra 1

### Course: Algebra 1 > Unit 1

Lesson 3: Substitution and evaluating expressions- Evaluating expressions with two variables
- Evaluating expressions with two variables
- Evaluating expressions with multiple variables
- Evaluating expressions with two variables: fractions & decimals
- Evaluating expressions with two variables: fractions & decimals
- Evaluating expressions with multiple variables: fractions & decimals

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# Evaluating expressions with two variables

Evaluating expressions with multiple variables involves substituting given values for each variable and simplifying the expression. By replacing variables with their corresponding values, we can easily compute the result of expressions, even for more complex examples with multiple terms and operations. Created by Sal Khan.

## Want to join the conversation?

- For the second expression, 3(2)-2+3(3)= 5 not 13

I thought you were suppose to add before you subtract?(40 votes)- (1.) 3(2) - 2 + 3(3) (Multiply 3 by 2 and 3 by 3 because multiplication comes before addition or subtraction.)

(2.) 6 - 2 + 9 (Because we move from left to right, we subtract first.)

(3.) 4 + 9 = 13(5 votes)

- I thought PEMDAS is applied to Algebra? The last example that Sal gave made me confused. Can someone help me?(26 votes)
- MD (Multiplication and Division) and AS (Addition and Subtraction) go left to right. If a division problem comes before a multiplication problem, you do the division first.(15 votes)

- What does it mean when numbers are in parentheses?(14 votes)
- That means that you simply need to do the math inside those parentheses first.

Example:

2 + 3 * 5 = 2 + 15 = 17

(2 + 3) * 5 = 6 * 5 = 30(14 votes)

- When the equation comes to "6 - 2 + 9" would the answer not be minus 5? should you not add 9 and 2 and then subtract because of the order of operations ?(10 votes)
- This can be a common misunderstanding of the "order of operations" if you are using a mnemonic to remember them by. Multiplication and Division happen at the same time, not multiply first, then divide, and the same for addition and subtraction. You don't do all the adding and then do all the subtraction, you do them at once (unless there are brackets/parenthesis of course).

So in this case, it is

6 plus -2 plus 9 and you can put those in any order too

9 plus 6 plus -2 / -2 plus 9 plus 6 / -2 plus 6 plus 9 etc.(16 votes)

- can i write the dot which represent (x)times on any topic(7 votes)
- Yes, it is just another way of showing multiplication.(6 votes)

- I'm so confused. HOW are you deciding what numbers each of the letters are? How are you deciding the a=7, b=2, x=3 and y=2?(9 votes)
- ye hannah's right for random problems you can come up with random variables, the problems that people are determining true real life stuff like a rockets fins, you actually need to be precise.(2 votes)

- So do we do BEDMAS to work out the answer or just the order of expressions?(6 votes)
- PEMDAS is only used to work out the order of operations, or which expressions to calculate first.(7 votes)

- Say X is 45 and Y is 5 what would you get X+Y?(4 votes)
- Plug in the values and you'll get 45 + 5 which is 50.(5 votes)

- i wonder how we could slove math fater and earier(6 votes)
- You can keep practicing and get help from people!! :D(1 vote)

- why do I need to know this?(2 votes)
- Algebraic expressions occur in many everyday formulas. For example, you want to buy fencing for your yard. You know the formula for perimeter is P = 2L+2W. Or, you want buy tile, carpeting, or paint which all use the formula for area: A = LW. Plugging in the values for length(L) and width(W) is what this video is teaching you how to do. This enables you to use these formulas to calculate the information that you need.

It is also a basic skill that will let you verify that you have correct solutions when you learn how to solve algebraic equations.(6 votes)

## Video transcript

Now, let's think
about expressions with more than one variable. So say I had the
expression a plus-- I'll do a really
simple one, a plus b. And I want to evaluate this
expression when a is equal to 7 and b is equal to 2. And I encourage you to pause
this and try this on your own. Well, wherever we see
the a, we would just replace it with the 7. And wherever we see the b,
we'd replace it with the 2. So when a equals
7 and b equals 2, this expression
will be 7 plus 2, which, of course, is equal to 9. So this expression
would be equal to 9 in this circumstance. Let's do a slightly
more complicated one. Let's say we have the expression
x times y minus y plus x. Actually, let's make it plus 3x. Or another way of saying
it plus 3 times x. So let's evaluate this when x is
equal to 3 and y is equal to 2. And once again, I encourage
you to pause this video and try this on your own. Well, everywhere we see an
x, let's replace it with a 3. Every place we see a y,
let's replace it with a 2. So this is going to
be equal to 3 times y. And y is 2 in this case. 3 times 2 minus 2
plus this 3 times x. But x is also now equal to 3. So what is this
going to be equal to? Well, this is going to be
equal to 3 times 2 is 6. This 3 times 3 is 9. So it simplifies
to 6 minus 2, which is 4, plus 9, which
is equal to 13. So in this case,
it is equal to 13.