Main content

### Course: Arithmetic > Unit 4

Lesson 5: Equivalent fractions# Equivalent fraction visually

Sal uses number lines and fraction models to show equivalent fractions. Created by Sal Khan.

## Want to join the conversation?

- So would it be as if we were just cutting them to look just like each other to see if each of them are the same.(34 votes)
- Absolutely! That's a great way to think about equivalent fractions. It's like taking a pizza and cutting it into different numbers of slices. No matter if you cut it into 2, 4, or 8 slices, if you eat half the pizza, you're still eating the same amount. It's just that the size of the slices changes.(10 votes)

- This video didn't really make sense to me can anyone help me understand it a little more? 😅😅😅(23 votes)
- Hey! So basically you just need to remember that it does not matter what parts of the circle you shade in as long as it is the same amount and that it is the same size of slices, and that to simplify a fraction find a number that you can divide the bottom and the ton by and then divide the top and bottom by that SAME number. Do not make decimals on fractions until you get to Algebra I. And really, not even then.(21 votes)

- i know you explained that 1/5 is equal to 2/10, but since 4/5 of the first circle are shaded in does that mean that the first "pie" could represent 4/5 as well as 1/5?(11 votes)
- Yes it could, depending on which way you see it.If the unshaded part represents how much you ate, the shaded part may represent how much you had left.While the values would of course be different, the pie could represent either the shaded or the unshaded part depending on what you want it to represent.(8 votes)

- What does equivalent mean(8 votes)
- It means the SAME. For example, 1/2 is equivalent to 4/8 or 10/20, or 50/100 :-) All of those can be made smaller (1/2) and look the same when you color them.

Equivalent= the same(11 votes)

- how would you find the equivelant to something like a fraction(8 votes)
- To find an equivalent fraction, you can multiply or divide the numerator and denominator by the same number.

For example, if you have the fraction 1/2, you can multiply the numerator and denominator by 2 to get 2/4. This is an equivalent fraction to 1/2.(0 votes)

- Brady's baby rabbit drinks less than 1/2 pint of water a day. which amount is less than 1/2?

4/8 4/7,2/3.3/16

How do you solve this problem?(2 votes)- 4/8 4 is half of 8, so it's equal to 1/2

4/7 4 is more than half of 7, so it's more than 1/2

2/3 2 is more than half of 3, it's more than 1/2

3/16 3 is less then half of 16, so it's less than 1/2

Half of 16 is 8, and 3 is less than 8.(2 votes)

- Who made Khan Academy(2 votes)
- Is this a good video?(2 votes)
- How is 1/2 bigger than 2/4?(0 votes)
- 1/2 is not bigger than 2/4. Say you had two bars of equal length. You cut one into two pieces and the other into four if you shaded in one of the pieces of the bar split in two, and you shaded two pieces of the bar split in to four, you would have shaded in the same amount, making them equal.

Another way is to simplify 2/4. Since the numerater (2, the number on top) and denominater (4, the number on the bottom) can both be divided by the number 2, you could divide the number on top and the number on the bottom by 2, you would get 1/2.

So, 1/2 is equal to 2/4. I know the explanation might be a bit complex, but over time, things well get easier.

Thank you!(4 votes)

- bro i dont understand math boy(1 vote)

## Video transcript

So what I want you to
do is pause this video and think about what fraction
the red part represents in each of these shapes. Or what fraction of the whole
does the red part represent? And I also want to plot
it out on a number line, to plot that fraction as
a number on a number line. So let's go through
each of these. So in this pie
right over here, we have 1, 2, 3, 4,
5 equal sections. And 1 of those 5 equal
sections is shaded in. So we could say that 1/5
of this pie is shaded in. Now over here, we have 1,
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 equal sections, and
2 of them are shaded in. So we could say that
2/10 are shaded in. And then, finally, right
over here, once again, we have 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8,
9, 10 equal sections, and 2 of them are shaded in red. So in this situation,
the red slices represent 2/10 of the whole. And if we were to try to
plot this on a number line, so right over here, we do a
quick one right over here. Let me do it like this. Let me make a big
number line here. And let's take the
section between 0 and 1, that's what we want
to focus on, and I'm going to divide it
into 5 equal sections. So 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 equal sections
and then that gets us to 1. So this right over here, 1/5,
that would be 1 out of the 5 equal sections. So that would get
us right over there. So this would be 1/5. Now, what I want to do, let me
copy and paste this same number line since I've
already drawn it. So copy and paste it. So let me put it
right over here. But now, I'm going to divide
it into 10 equal sections. Let's see. Let me divide it into 10
equal sections on the top one. So 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10. So I've divided it
into 10 equal sections. And I want to figure
out where 2/10 goes. So I'm going to go 2 of those
equal sections, so 1, 2. So once again, I've got
to that exact same point. So this 1/5 I could
also represent as 2/10. So I could represent this
as 2/10, this point right over here. And you might be
saying, hey, wait, but that means that those
are the same number. They're the exact same
point on the number line. And if you said that, you
would be absolutely correct. 1/5 is equal to 2/10. They represent the
exact same number. And it makes sense
even when you visually look at them as a
fraction of these pies. Here going from this slice to
this slice, if you were just divide all of these
slices into 2, you see that you have the
exact same fraction shaded in as this one right over here. They've become identical. I didn't shade in anything else. I haven't taken any
of the red away. I haven't any of the red. I just divided all of
those pieces of pie into 2. And so you see that the exact
same part of the whole pie is shaded in. And here it's not
quite as obvious, but if you imagine taking
this, dividing it into 2 and then splitting them up
so that they look like this, you still have the same part
of the circle shaded in red. So it makes complete
sense that they represent the same number on
the number line. That this number right over
here, it's not only 1/5, it also is 2/10. 1/5 is equal to 2/10.