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### Course: 8th grade > Unit 3

Lesson 4: Slope- Intro to slope
- Intro to slope
- Slope formula
- Slope & direction of a line
- Positive & negative slope
- Worked example: slope from graph
- Slope from graph
- Slope of a line: negative slope
- Worked example: slope from two points
- Slope from two points
- Slope from equation
- Converting to slope-intercept form
- Slope from equation
- Slope of a horizontal line
- Slope review

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# Converting to slope-intercept form

Learn to convert equations like 4x + 2y = -8 into slope-intercept form. Created by Sal Khan and Monterey Institute for Technology and Education.

## Want to join the conversation?

- I cannot take it anymore(35 votes)
- fr I already know this! why do I have to watch this!?!?!??! my teacher is silly(0 votes)

- why did he subtract 4? shouldnt he divide by 4?(17 votes)
- Why would he divide? the addition sign is next to it so he has to do the opposite(18 votes)

- Could anybody please tell me how you graph a fractional number, like y=5/8x+8/9(8 votes)
- Koorosh,

y=5/8x+8/9 is a linear equation. So you just want to find any two points. plot the two points, and draw a line through the two point you plotted.

If you choose 0 for x then y=5/8 * 0 + 8/9 = 8/9 so your first point is (0,8/9)

If you choose 8 for x then y = 5/8 * 8 + 8/9 = 5 + 8/9 = 5 8/9

so another point is (8,5 8/9).

So plot the point (0,8/9) which is just below of (0,1) and

plot the point (8, 5 8/9) which is just below of (5,6)

and then draw a line through the two points.

The other method you can use is to plot the y-intercept.

The equation y=5/8x+8/9 is is slope y-intercept form

so the y intercept is at (0,8/9). Plot that point.

The slope is 5/8, so from your y-intercept point, count right 8 and then go up 5. And remember it is just below the line as you count going up.

The graph should look something like this: https://www.khanacademy.org/cs/y58x-89/5900563254345728

I hope that helps make it click for you.(18 votes)

- In y=mx+b must b be a whole number(6 votes)
- No, b does not have to be a whole number. b is simply where the line will cross the y-axis when this line is graphed. So, if b=1/2 then the line will cross the y axis between the 0 and the 1.(15 votes)

- At time3:30you said that you can't make it into slope interval form. Then you made a line at -2x. Why where you able to do that. Also what is the x mean in "y=mx+b".(9 votes)
- when your m is -2 why did you go over one and down two?(9 votes)

- How did he get (0,-4) from y= -2x- 4?(7 votes)
- To find the y intercept, set x=0. This gives y = -2(0)-4=-4. Thus, y intercept is (0,-4).(8 votes)

- What's linear?(7 votes)
- linear lines means straight lines(5 votes)

- who invented/discovered linear equations and why?(3 votes)
- Sir William Rowan Hamilton, an Irish mathematician, invented linear equations in the year 1843. He induced relationships between various variables to find their values. To date, we use linear equations to solve numerous mathematical problems. The general representation of a linear equation is given by: ax + by = c.(10 votes)

- Are there any possibility that a linear equation can't convert into slope intercept form?(4 votes)
- Good question!

In the coordinate plane, the**only**type of line with an equation that can't be converted into y = mx + b form (slope-intercept form) is a line with an equation equivalent to the form x = c, where c is a constant.

This exceptional type of line is a vertical line with undefined slope. The graph has no y-intercepts if c is nonzero, and all real numbers for its y-intercepts if c is zero.

Have a blessed, wonderful day!(6 votes)

- At2:14how did Sal instantly know the slope of the line?

Also, if y= mx +b, shouldn't the slope in y = -2x - 4 be -2? the slope is m, and in the first equation is being multiplied by the x, so without the x the slope in the second equation would be -2?(5 votes)

## Video transcript

We're asked to convert these
linear equations into slope-intercept form and then
graph them on a single coordinate plane. We have our coordinate
plane over here. And just as a bit of a review,
slope-intercept form is a form y is equal to mx plus b,
where m is the slope and b is the intercept. That's why it's called
slope-intercept form. So we just have to algebraically
manipulate these equations into this form. So let's start with line A,
so start with a line A. So line A, it's in standard form
right now, it's 4x plus 2y is equal to negative 8. The first thing I'd like to do
is get rid of this 4x from the left-hand side, and the best way
to do that is to subtract 4x from both sides
of this equation. So let me subtract 4x
from both sides. The left hand side of the
equation, these two 4x's cancel out, and I'm just left
with 2y is equal to. And on the right-hand side I
have negative 4x minus is 8, or negative 8 minus 4, however
you want to do it. Now we're almost at
slope-intercept form. We just have to get rid of this
2, and the best way to do that that I can think of is
divide both sides of this equation by 2. So let's divide both
sides by 2. So we divide the left-hand side
by 2 and then divide the right-hand side by 2. You have to divide
every term by 2. And then we are left with y is
equal to negative 4 divided by 2 is negative 2x. Negative 8 divided by
2 is negative 4, negative 2x minus 4. So this is line A, let me
graph it right now. So line A, its y-intercept
is negative 4. So the point 0, negative
4 on this graph. If x is equal to 0, y is going
to be equal to negative 4, you can just substitute
that in the graph. So 0, 1, 2, 3, 4. That's the point
0, negative 4. That's the y-intercept
for line A. And then the slope
is negative 2x. So that means that if I change
x by positive 1 that y goes down by negative 2. So let's do that. So if I go over one in the
positive direction, I have to go down 2, that's what a
negative slope's going to do, negative 2 slope. If I go over 2, I'm going
to have to go down 4. If I go back negative 1, so
if I go in the x direction negative 1, that means in the y
direction I go positive two, because two divided by negative
one is still negative two, so I go over here. If I go back 2, I'm
going to go up 4. Let me just do that. Back 2 and then up 4. So this line is going
to look like this. Do my best to draw it,
that's a decent job. That is line A right there. All right, let's do line B. So line B, they say 4x is equal
to negative 8, and you might be saying hey, how do I
get that into slope-intercept form, I don't see a y. And the answer is you won't be
able to because you this can't be put into slope-intercept
form, but we can simplify it. So let's divide both sides
of this equation by 4. So you divide both sides
of this equation by 4. And you get x is equal
to negative 2. So this just means, I don't care
what your y is, x is just always going to be equal
to negative 2. So x is equal to negative 2 is
right there, negative 1, negative 2, and x is just always
going to be equal to negative 2 in both directions. And this is the x-axis,
that's the y-axis, I forgot to label them. Now let's do this last
character, 2y is equal to negative eight. So line C, we have 2y is
equal to negative 8. We can divide both sides of this
equation by 2, and we get y is equal to negative 4. So you might say hey, Sal, that
doesn't look like this form, slope-intercept
form, but it is. It's just that the slope is 0. We can rewrite this as y is
equal to 0x minus 4, where the y-intercept is negative
4 and the slope is 0. So if you move an arbitrary
amount in the x direction, the y is not going to change,
it's just going to stay at negative 4. Let me do a little bit neater. y is just going to stay
at negative 4. Or you can just interpret it as
y is equal to negative 4 no matter what x is. So then we are done.