Main content

## 5th grade

### Course: 5th grade > Unit 10

Lesson 5: Comparing decimal place values# Comparing decimal place values

Explore the concept of place value in multi-digit numbers, emphasizing how a digit's value changes based on its position. Understand how a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and 1/10 of what it represents in the place to its left. Created by Sal Khan.

## Want to join the conversation?

- Im a little confused. Would it be okay to say that Each place value to the right is 10x smaller than the left place value. For example .02 is 10x smaller than .2 Can 10x smaller mean division by 10.(18 votes)
- Simply put, any decimal x 10 would add one more zero to the right - or would shift the decimal place one time to the right. So, if x 10 moves it ONE step to the right, then x 100 would move it TWO steps to the right and x 1000 would move it THREE steps (and so on)...

Division by 10 works the same way, only the decimal place moves to the left with every greater value of 10.(14 votes)

- I really don't get how to compare place values. It's just very difficult and confusing for me. I viewed a couple of films but none seemed to be right. Could you leave a comment explaining it to me or remake a new video with an easier understanding of things?(14 votes)
- Your maths is great Sal! Who taught you this stuff??(9 votes)
- I'm not sure but he started Khan Academy when he was trying to teach some kids in another country, that's what my parents say.(11 votes)

- Is there a term for the numbers on the left of the decimal number and the numbers to the right?(8 votes)
- I would call the numbers on the left the whole number part and those on the right the decimal part.(6 votes)

- Using the number 439,607, give the number that is one-tenth as much as the value of the hundred thousands place(5 votes)
- 4 is the number in the hundred thousands place, so what is one-tenth of 4?

1 4

-- x -- = 4/10 or 2/5

10 1(5 votes)

- ok great we know how much bigger one number is than the other.... what does this accomplish? what is this going to build into? how does this help me understand a tougher subject? or an important one? from what I have seen from this type of math it wont build into anything. they will just move on leaving you with a pointless extra thing in your head.(6 votes)
- I don't understand how they do the math to get the answer.The video is really confusing.And it's really confusing with the place value.I don't understand how they multiply the whole numbers by decimals.And I thought it was confusing with the fractions.(4 votes)
- A whole number is a decimal without the decimal point and numbers after it.

4 = 4.0 = 4.00 and so on.(5 votes)

- Compare decimal place value good(6 votes)
- make a new video this one does not help(4 votes)
- Is decimals related to percent?(3 votes)

## Video transcript

We have the number
7,346,521.032. And what I want
to think about is if I look at the same digit
in two different places, in particular, I'm going
to look at the digit 3 here and the digit 3 here, how much
more value does this left 3 represent than this right 3? In order to think
about that, we have to think about place value. So let's write down
all the place values. So this right over here,
this is the ones place. Now, we could move to the right. And as we move to the
right in place values, each place represents 1/10
of the place before it. Or you could divide by 10 as
we're moving to the right. So this is the ones place. This is divide by 10. This is the 1/10 place,
or the tenths place. Divide by 10 again, this
is the hundredths place. Divide by 10 again, this
is the thousandths place. And that "s" I'm just saying
to be plural-- hundredths, thousandths. Now, if we go to the
left, now each place represents a factor of 10 more. So if this is ones, multiply
by 10, this is the tens place. This is the hundreds place. This is the thousands place. This is the ten thousands place. I'm going to have to write
a little bit smaller. This is the hundred
thousands place. And then the 7 is in
the millions place. So what does this number,
what does this 3 represent? Well, it's in the
hundred thousands place. It literally represents
3 hundred thousands, or you could say 300,000,
3 followed by five zeroes. Now, what does this 3 represent? It's in the hundredths place. It literally represents
3 hundredths. It represents 3
times 1/100, which is the same thing as 3, which
is equal to 3 over-- let me do the 3 in
that purple color. Which is the same
thing as 3/100, which is the same thing as 0.03. These are all
equivalent statements. Now let's try to answer
our original question. How much larger is this
3 than that 3 there? Well, one way to think about
it is how much would you have to multiply this 3 by
to get to this 3 over here? Well, one way to think
about is to look directly at place value. So we got to multiply by 10. Every time we
multiply by 10, that's equivalent to thinking about
shifting it to one place to the left. So we would have to multiply by
10 one, two, three, four, five, six, seven times. So multiplying by
10 seven times. Let me write this down. So this multiplied by 10 seven
times should be equal to this. Let me rewrite this. 300,000 should be
equal to 3/100-- let me write it the same way. 3/100 multiplied by 10 seven
times, so times 10 times 10 times 10 times 10
times 10-- let's see, that's five times--
times 10 times 10. Now, multiplying
by 10 seven times is the same thing as multiplying
by 1 followed by seven zeroes. Every time you
multiply by 10, you're going to get another zero here. So this is the same
thing as 3/100 times 1 followed by one, two, three,
four, five, six, seven zeroes. So this is literally
3/100 times 10 million. So let's see if this
actually is the case. Does this actually
equal 300,000? Well, if you divide 10 million
by 100, dividing 10 million by 100, or I guess you'd
say in the numerator, you have 10 million
and the denominator you have 100, if you were to
just multiply it like this, if you view this as 3 over
100 times 10 million over 1. Well, you divide the
numerator by 100, you're going to get rid
of two of these zeroes. Divide the denominator
by 100, you're going to get rid
of this 100 here. And so you're going to be
left with 3 times-- now we got to be careful
with the commas here, because since
I removed two zeroes, the commas are going
to be different. It's going to be
3 times-- we put our commas in the right
place, so just like that. So this simplified
to 3 times 100,000, which is indeed 300,000. So it did work out. Shifting the 3 one, two,
three, four, five, six, seven decimal places
makes that 3 worth 1 followed by seven zeroes
more, or it essentially makes that 3 worth
10 million more. So this 3 represents 10 million
times the value of this 3. Let me write down the numbers. So this 3 is 10 million
times the value of that 3.