If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.

### Course: 4th grade>Unit 14

Lesson 1: Estimating mass

# Choose pounds or ounces to measure weight

Sal discusses US customary units of mass or weight such as ounce, pound, and ton. Created by Sal Khan.

## Want to join the conversation?

• What does a atom weigh?
• An atom is so small that normal measurement units like "grams" or "ounces" don't really make sense. You can use them, but it's like trying to measure the length of your cat in kilometers; you end up with a very tiny number that's hard to picture. Scientists actually use a special unit called the "atomic mass unit" (shortened to u) to measure atoms. So for instance one Carbon atom is 1u, and a heavier Uranium atom is about 238u.
• Can anyone explain me these units like pounds, ounces, yards and gallons? I only know the metric system. We don't use these other units in India.
• These are all units part of the Customary System in the United States, also known as the Imperial System by people who use the metric system. Khan Academy is originally an American company, so they use this system. Pounds and ounces are kind of like grams and kgs in other countries. They are used to measure weight and mass. 16 ounces make a pound, and 2,000 pounds make a ton (not to be confused with tonne, which is in the metric system). Yards, inches, miles, and feet are kind of like meters and centimeters. They are used to measure distance. 12 inches equal to one foot, 3 feet are equal to one yard, and 5280 feet, or 1760 yards. Gallons, pints, cups, and fluid ounces (not to be confused with regular ounces) are used to measure volume, kind of like liters (litres) and milliliters (millilitres). 2 cups equal one pint, 2 pints equal one quart, and 4 quarts equal 1 gallon. For more information, you can use the google converter tool to help.
• does a truck weigh 2 tons
or 2.5 tons?

(note that 2.5 is 5/2 or 2 1/2).
• it is 2 1/2 and 5/2 because say 1 is 2/2 so 4/2 is 2 and add 1/2 to 4/2 = 5/2 = 2 1/2 do you get me? if so happy to help.
• Are lb heavier then kilograms?
• No. A pound (lb) is about 454 grams, while a kilogram is 1,000 grams. So actually a kilogram is heavier than a pound (on Earth's surface).

Have a blessed, wonderful day!
• how many pounds does our sun weigh?? :1
• 4,400,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 lbs!
• thanks for the help
• I'm not american I'm not familiar with those units lol
• I understand. Most countries use the metric system, but for some strange reason, America is one of the few countries using a different system.

In America, a ton is 2,000 pounds, and a pound is 16 ounces. These American units are related to metric units in the following ways (on Earth's surface):

1 (American) ton is about 0.907 metric tons (tonnes).
1 metric ton (tonne) is about 1.10 (American) tons.
1 pound is about 0.454 kilograms.
1 kilogram is about 2.20 pounds.
1 ounce (weight) is about 28.3 grams.
1 gram is about 0.035 ounces (weight).

Have a blessed, wonderful day!