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## 6th grade

### Course: 6th grade > Unit 4

Lesson 1: Meaning of exponents# Intro to exponents

Learn how to use exponents and bases. For example, writing 4 x 4 x 4 x 4 x 4 with an exponent.

Here's what an exponent and a base look like:

The small number written above and to the right of a number is called an start color #e07d10, start text, e, x, p, o, n, e, n, t, end text, end color #e07d10. The number underneath the exponent is called the start color #11accd, start text, b, a, s, e, end text, end color #11accd. In this example, the base is start color #11accd, 4, end color #11accd, and the exponent is start color #e07d10, 3, end color #e07d10.

Here's an example where the base is start color #11accd, 7, end color #11accd, and the exponent is start color #e07d10, 5, end color #e07d10:

An exponent tells us to multiply the base by itself that number of times. In our example, start color #11accd, 4, end color #11accd, start superscript, start color #e07d10, 3, end color #e07d10, end superscript tells us to multiply the base of start color #11accd, 4, end color #11accd by itself start color #e07d10, 3, end color #e07d10 times:

Once we write out the multiplication problem, we can easily evaluate the expression. Let's do this for the example we've been working with:

The main reason we use exponents is because it's a shorter way to write out big numbers. For example, let's say we want to express the following:

That's really long to write. My hands hurt just from typing it! Instead we can see that start color #11accd, 2, end color #11accd is multiplied by itself start color #e07d10, 6, end color #e07d10 times. This means we can write the same thing with start color #11accd, 2, end color #11accd as the base and start color #e07d10, 6, end color #e07d10 as the exponent:

Cool, lets make sure we understand exponents by trying some practice problems.

## Practice set:

## Challenge set:

## Want to join the conversation?

- is there a easier way of doing a very long exponents ?(67 votes)
- You can use the associative property of multiplication to group numbers.

For example:

3^6 = 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 x 3

If you do in one at a time: 3 x 3 = 9; 9 x 3 = 27; 27 x 3 = 81; 81 x 3 = 243; 243 x 3 = 729

Using grouping: (3 x 3) x (3 x 3) x (3 x 3) = 9 x 9 x 9 = 81 x 9 = 729

Hope this helps.(114 votes)

- how do I express 144 in exponential form?(24 votes)
- 12^2 is the same as 12 * 12, or 144.(46 votes)

- why does math exist(26 votes)
- good question(2 votes)

- im wrighting notes on my laptop but i cant figure out how to right it as 4 to the 3rd power with out completely typing a sentence out every time i use open office its the same thing basically as microsoft office(14 votes)
- for me you hold shift and press 6 so it would be 4^3(12 votes)

- why do we use exponents?(12 votes)
- Hey Aaron, exponents are just a faster (and easier) way to show repeated multiplication.(35 votes)

- how are you supposed to write an exponent when your keyboard doesn't do that(9 votes)
- Use the carat symbol "^" (shift-6) on your keyboard.

For example: 5^3 is understood to be 5 to the power of 3.

Hope this helps.(20 votes)

- bro im just trying to pass this school year, not pass away(12 votes)
- it doesnt show it as correct when i type 1 when the exponent is 0 even though my teacher taught us that it will always be 1.(11 votes)
- Do we have to watch the videos even if we know the answer and we understand exsponets(4 votes)
- no but it will still give you points if you play the vid and walk away(14 votes)

- what is 1000000 to the 3rd power? How do u figure out those big type of exponent questions if you get them(7 votes)
- with a calculator(2 votes)