Main content

## 6th grade

### Course: 6th grade > Unit 4

Lesson 5: More on order of operations- Order of operations examples: exponents
- Comparing exponent expressions
- Order of operations
- Order of operations example: fractions and exponents
- Order of operations with fractions and exponents
- Order of operations review
- Exponents and order of operations FAQ

© 2023 Khan AcademyTerms of usePrivacy PolicyCookie Notice

# Order of operations example: fractions and exponents

An example where we use order of operations to evaluate a more complex expression with fractions and exponents. Created by Sal Khan.

## Want to join the conversation?

- can you use fractions with a exponent?!(7 votes)
- Yes you totally could.(3 votes)

- Hi! Can you please help me with this math problem my parents gave me?

7+8-8(7x8-(6-2x4))(4 votes)- PEMDAS says start with parentheses, so with imbedded parentheses, you have to start on the innermost parentheses which is 6-2*4. Multiply is first, so 2*4=8, then 6-8=-2. Ouside parentheses gives (7*8-(-2)) which gives 56+2=58. So you have 7+8-8(58)= 7+8 - 464 = 15-464=-449.(4 votes)

- Why do we divide numbers with fractions when there is no division sign anywhere?(3 votes)
- there is one 1/2 is the same thing as 1 /2 "/" also means to divide(3 votes)

- why do we square everything(at 2.08 minutes in the video) please?(2 votes)
- can we use fractions on exponent(1 vote)
- hi look i am hopper(1 vote)
- I don't really understand it(1 vote)
- Wait so.. the parenthesis mean to multiply the number next to it? So in this situation are the parenthesis multiplying by 1/14?

PLEASE ANSWER!(1 vote)- Yes, it means multiplication, but you have to go through the whole process inside the parentheses before you multiply as the last step.(1 vote)

- The last part is really confusing, why do we fix 4 as an exponent instead of making it as a regular number, before calculating the fraction 1/14 ?!(0 votes)
- And nope I can't help you there(2 votes)

## Video transcript

- [Instructor] Pause this video and see if you can
evaluate this expression before we do it together. All right, now let's
work on this together. And we see that we have a lot
of different operations here. We have exponents. We have multiplication. We have addition. We have division. We have parentheses. And so to interpret this properly, we just have to remind ourselves
of the order of operations. So you start with parentheses,
then go to exponents, then multiplication and division, then addition and subtraction. So we see that we're going
to, whatever is over here, we're eventually going to square it. That's the only place that
we have the parentheses. But how are we going to evaluate what's inside of these parentheses? So let's, then, think about, all right, we have an exponent here
that we can evaluate. We know that 2 squared is
the same thing as 2 times 2, which is the same thing as 4. No more exponents to evaluate. So then we go to
multiplication and division. So we know by how this
fraction sign is written that we need to evaluate the numerator and then divide it by
the entire denominator right over here. Now in this numerator, we
have to remind ourselves that we do this multiplication
before we do this addition. We don't just go left to right. So we know that it's 1 plus, and I could put parentheses
here to really emphasize that we do the multiplication first. So before this gets too messy, let me just rewrite everything. I'm going to do this
multiplication up here first, and actually in the denominator I'm going to do this
multiplication first as well. So this is all going to
simplify to 1 over 14 or 1/14 times, Now this numerator here is going to be 1 plus 4 times 3. 4 times 3 is 12. All of that is going to be over 7 plus 2 times 3, which is of course equal to 6. And then I am going to
have our plus 1 here, and then I square everything. Well now we can evaluate this numerator and this denominator. Find another color to do it in. This numerator, 1 plus 12, is going to be equal to 13. And 7 plus 6, interestingly,
is also equal to 13. So we 1/14 or 1 divided by 14 times this whole thing squared, and inside you have 13
divided by 13 plus 1. Well, we know we need to do
division before we do addition. So we will want to evaluate this part before we do the addition. What is 13 divided by 13? Well that's just going to be equal to 1. So I can rewrite this as 1 over 14 times 1 plus 1, all of that squared. And now we'll want to do this
parentheses. So let's do that. 1 plus 1 is going to be
equal, of course, to 2. And then we're going to do the exponents. 2 squared is, of course, equal to 4. And then we're going to
multiply 1 over 14 times 4. Now you could interpret
this, and they're equivalent. You could say, hey, this is the same thing as multiplying 1/14 times 4. Or you could say this is the same thing as multiplying 1 times 4 divided by 14. 1 times 4 divided by 14. Either way you look at it, you're going to get 4
over 14, and we're done. If you want, you could rewrite this by dividing both the numerator
and the denominator by 2, and you could get 2 over 7. But that's how we can evaluate this pretty complex expression just step-by-step looking at
what we can simplify first.