High school geometry
Sal finds the length of an arc using the radius and the radian measure of the angle subtended by the arc. Created by Sal Khan.
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- Why exactly is the degree measure corresponding to the length of its arc?(38 votes)
- That is how radian is defined. One radian is the angle where the arc length equals the radius.
You probably know that the circumference of a circle is 2πr.
And 2π radians = 360°. That is not a coincidence.(32 votes)
- Can't you use proportion to solve this instead of what Sal did?(14 votes)
- Yes you could solve this problem using proportions. angle/ 2pi = arc/circumference
0.4/2pi =?/2pi.5. Sals method helps us think about what a radian actually is by definition...and it is faster.(13 votes)
- So this formula is true right?
, ie, radian = length of arc/radius
so, length of arc = radian * radius
and also, radius= length of arc/radian(11 votes)
- What does radii mean?(3 votes)
- why did he multiply 0.4 radii by 5(length of radius)? what do you get from that? i m still not sure what radian is...so confused T_T(6 votes)
- He multiplied them in order to get the length of the arc.
A radian is a unit for angles, similar to degrees. However, radians measure the amount of radii that is formed when you draw an arc or a part of a circle. This is based on the fact that the radius can fit 2pi(~6.28) times a circle, or a full rotation. There are 2pi radii in a full circle, or 2pi radians.
This gif should help you understand a radian better: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4e/Circle_radians.gif(7 votes)
- How did he get 2 from 0.4 and 5?(0 votes)
- What is an arch(1 vote)
- An arch is a structure that spans a space and resolves forces into compressive stress. But that is not important to our context.
An arc is a portion of a circle or other curvilinear shape.
Interestingly enough, most arches are in the shape of an arc.(13 votes)
- Could this method have also worked?
1 radian = 180/pi degrees
1 radian * 0.4 = 180/pi * 0.4 = 72/pi degrees
72/pi degrees/ 360 = 1/5 pi (Arc length formula: n/360 * 2 pi r)
2 pi r = 10 pi, so 1/5 pi * 10 pi = 2 units.
2 units is the answer(5 votes)
- Why would you ever want to convert radians to degrees first? The equation for arc length in radians is so much simpler:
l = θr
l = 0.4*5 = 2
In fact, the equation of arc-length in degrees actually converts the degrees into radians with the expression
2π/360(which is the same as
π/180). So the answer is yes, that works, but it's entirely ridiculous.(4 votes)
- What exactly is a radian? Other than "unit of measure for angles".(4 votes)
- Khan is using the words "radii", "radiuseses", and "radians". Before this video I had thought they all mean the same thing; that radians is just a plural term for radius. Now I'm not so sure... could someone please explain their relationship?(3 votes)
- Radii and radiuses mean the same thing: more than one radius. Radian, however, is not the same thing. A radian, simply put, is a unit of measure for angles that is based on the radius of a circle. What this means is that if we imagine taking the length of the radius and wrapping it around a circle, the angle that is formed at the centre of the circle by this arc is equal to 1 Radian.
Hope this helped! Let me know if you have any other questions.(4 votes)
P is the center of the green arc. So this is p right over here. The measure of angle P is 0.4 radians, and the length of the radius is 5 units. That's this length right over here. Find the length of the green arc. So just to kind of conceptualize this a little bit, P, you can imagine, is the center of this larger circle. And this angle right over here that has a measure of 0.4 radians, it intercepts this green arc right over here. In order to figure this out-- and actually, I encourage you to pause this video now and try to think about this question on your own. How long is this arc, given the information that they've given us? Well, all we have to do is remind ourselves what a radian is. One way to think about a radian is if you look at the arc that the angle intercepts, which is this green arc, if you think about its length, the length of this green arc is going to be 0.4 radii. One way to think about radians is if this angle is 0.4 radians, that means that the arc that it intercepts is going to be 0.4 radii long. So this length we could write as 0.4 radii. Or "radiuses," but "radii" is the proper term. Now, we don't want our length in terms of radii. We want our length in terms of whatever units the radius is, these kind of 5 units. Well, we know that each radius has a length of 5, that our radius of the circle has a length of 5. So this is going to be 0.4 radii times 5-- and you know they just call it units right over here. I'll put it in quotes because it's kind of a generic term-- 5 units per radii. So the radii cancel out. We're left with just the units, which is what we want. So 0.4 times 5 is 2. So this is going to be equal to 2. So just as a refresher again, when the angle measure in radians, one way to think about it is the arc that it intercepts, that's going to be this many radii long. Well, if each radius is 5 units, it's going to be 0.4 times 5 units long, or 2.