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### Course: Grade 8 math (FL B.E.S.T.)>Unit 2

Lesson 1: Square roots & cube roots

# Square roots review

Review square roots, and try some practice problems.

### Square roots

The square root of a number is the factor that we can multiply by itself to get that number.
The symbol for square root is $\sqrt{\phantom{1}}$ .
Finding the square root of a number is the opposite of squaring a number.
Example:
$4×4$ or ${4}^{2}$ $=16$
So $\sqrt{16}=4$
If the square root is a whole number, it is called a perfect square! In this example, $16$ is a perfect square because its square root is a whole number.

## Finding square roots

If we can't figure out what factor multiplied by itself will result in the given number, we can make a factor tree.
Example:
$\sqrt{36}=\text{?}$
Here is the factor tree for $36$:
So the prime factorization of $36$ is $2×2×3×3$.
We're looking for $\sqrt{36}$, so we want to split the prime factors into two identical groups.
Notice that we can rearrange the factors like so:
$36=2×2×3×3=\left(2×3\right)×\left(2×3\right)$
So ${\left(2×3\right)}^{2}={6}^{2}=36$.
So, $\sqrt{36}$ is $6$.

## Practice

Problem 1
$\sqrt{64}=\text{?}$

Want to try more problems like this? Check out this exercise: Finding square roots
Or this challenge exercise: Equations with square and cube roots

## Want to join the conversation?

• When doing prime factorisation to get all perfect squares out of a square root, how do you decide which prime to factor out by?
• I don't know what you mean by "how do you decide which prime to factor out by??
1) Are you asking how do you start the prime factorization? You can start anywhere. you need any 2 numbers that multiply to the original number, and then keep factoring until you get the prime factors
2) Or, are you asking how do you know which prime factors are perfect squares? Any prime factor that occurs twice (is squared), is a perfect square.

• I use Kumon as well as Khan Academy, and they are attempting to teach me a method I don't understand and can't find anywhere else. This is the procedure:

to find the square root of 3969:
1. Divide the radicand into groups of two digits, starting from the right side.
2. Find the number that is closest to but less that 39 when squared
3. Write the number found in step (2) twice and find the sum.
4.find the number, x, that is closest to but less than or equal to 369 when sustituted into 12x*x.
5. Write the number found in step (4)

Have you heard of this method before and if so can you explain it, please?
• Idk what you thinking but Kumon does not teach anyone
• Hey guys,106jmb i saw your question. I saw a faster way to find cube roots.

We already know some basic cube numbers

0^{3}0
3
=0

1^{3}1
3
=1

2^{3}2
3
=8

3^{3}3
3
=27

4^{3}4
3
=64

5^{3}5
3
=125

6^{3}6
3
=216

7^{3}7
3
=343

8^{3}8
3
=512

9^{3}9
3
=729

Now, the common thing here is that each ones digit of the cube numbers is the same number that is getting cubed , except for 2 ,8 ,3 ,7 .

now let us take a cube no like 226981 .

to see which is the cube root of that number , first check the last 3 digits that is 981 . Its last digit is 1 so therefore the last digit of the cube root of 226981 is 1 .

Now for the remaining digits that is 226

Now 226 is the nearer & bigger number compared to the cube of 6 (216)

So the cube root of 226981 is 61

Let us take another example - 148877

Here 7 is in the last digit but the cube of seven's last digit is not seven. But the cube of three has the last digit as 7.

So the last digit of the cube root of 148877 is 3.

Now for the remaining digits 148.

It is the nearer and bigger than the cube of 5 (125).

Therefore the cube root of 148877 is 53.

Let us take another example 54872.

Here the last three digit's (872) last digit is 2 but the cube of 2's last digit is not 2 but the last of the cube of 8 is 2.

So the last digit of the cube root of 54872 is 8.

Now of the remaining numbers (54). It is nearer and bigger to the cube of 3 (27). So therefore the cube root of 54872 is 38.
• i also use this method!
• can negative integers have square and how
• Yes, negative integers can have square roots. The topic is imaginary numbers. For example, i^2=-1. If you want to learn more about this, you can search up imaginary numbers on Khan Academy and watch videos on them.
• How do you solve an equation with a square root in it
• Good question!

Generally, a square root equation is solved by isolating the square root (or radical), squaring both sides to get rid of the square root, and then solving the resulting equation. Solutions must be checked by substituting them into the original equation, because squaring both sides can create extraneous (invalid) solutions.

Example: Solve sqrt(x) + x = 0.
sqrt(x) = -x
x = x^2
0 = x^2 - x
0 = x(x - 1)
x = 0 or x - 1 = 0
x = 0 or x = 1

Check: sqrt(0) + 0 = 0 + 0 = 0, so x = 0 is a valid solution.
sqrt(1) + 1 = 1 + 1 = 2, which is not 0, so x = 1 is an extraneous (invalid) solution.

So the only solution is x = 0.

Have a blessed, wonderful day!
• what would be the square root of a fraction?
• When you have the square root of a fraction, you take the square roots of the numerator and denominator separately. For example, the square root of 16 = 4, while the square root of 25 = 5. This means the square root of 16/25 = 4/5
• I will be going to 8th grade and my parents is making me do 8th grade math in summer on Khan Academy.
• this is a good thing get ahead