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Multiplying monomials

Learn how to multiply monomials like a pro! Discover how to multiply numbers and variables separately, then combine them for the final answer. Explore how exponent properties come into play when multiplying variables. Dive into examples with different variables for variety.

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Video transcript

- [Instructor] Let's say that we wanted to multiply five x squared and, I'll do this in purple, three x to the fifth, what would this equal? Pause this video and see if you can reason through that a little bit. All right, now let's work through this together. And really, all we're going to do is use properties of multiplication and use properties of exponents to essentially rewrite this expression. So we can just view this, if we're just multiplying a bunch of things, it doesn't matter what order we multiply them in. So you can just view this as five times x squared times three times x to the fifth, or we could multiply our five and three first, so you could view this as five times three, times three, times x squared, times x squared, times x to the fifth, times x to the fifth. And now what is five times three? I think you know that, that is 15. Now what is x squared times x to the fifth? Now some of you might recognize that exponent properties would come into play here. If I'm multiplying two things like this, so we have the some base and different exponents, that this is going to be equal to x to the, and we add these two exponents, x to the two plus five power, or x to the seventh power. If what I just did seems counterintuitive to you I'll just remind you, what is x squared? x squared is x times x. And what is x to the fifth? That is x times x times x times x times x. And if you multiply them all together what do you get? Well you got seven x's and you multiply them all together and that is x to the seventh. And so there you have it, five x squared times three x to the fifth is 15x to the seventh power. So the key is, is look at these coefficients, look at these numbers, a five and a three, multiply those, and then for any variable you have, you have x here, so you have a common base, then you can add those exponents, and what we just did is known as multiplying monomials, which sounds very fancy, but this is a monomial, monomial, and in the future we'll do multiplying things like polynomials where we have multiple of these things added together. But that's all it is, multiplying monomials. Let's do one more example, and let's use a different variable this time, just to get some variety in there. Let's say we wanna multiply the monomial three t to the seventh power, times another monomial negative four t. Pause this video and see if you can work through that. All right, so I'm gonna do this one a little bit faster. I am going to look at the three and the negative four and I'm gonna multiply those first, and I'm going to get a negative 12. And then if I were to want to multiply the t to the seventh times t, once again they're both the variable t as our base, so that's going to be t to the seventh times t to the first power, that's what t is, that's going to be t to the seven plus one power, or t to the eighth. But there you go, we are done again, we just multiplied another set of monomials.