If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.

If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked.

Main content

Principles of experiment design

A footwear company wants to test the effectiveness of its new insoles designed to prevent shin splints resulting from running. They hire a group of physical trainers and a statistician, who recruits 100 healthy adults between the ages of 18 and 24 to participate in a study.
The statistician randomly assigns 50 of the adults to follow a weekly running schedule with the new insoles and the other 50 to the same running schedule with the existing insoles the company already sells. After 10 weeks, the statistician records the number of runners from each group that have developed shin splints.
Problem 1
What is the primary purpose of having a group of 50 runners use the existing insoles?
Choose 1 answer:

problem 2
What is the primary purpose of randomly assigning the runners to use either the new or existing insoles?
Choose 1 answer:

problem 3
The researchers considered having one group use the new insoles and the other group use no insoles at all.
Why might this design lead to confounding?
Choose 1 answer:

Problem 4
Neither the participants nor the researchers collecting the data knew which group had the new insoles and which group had the existing insoles.
What is one reason for using this type of double-blind design?
Choose 1 answer:

Want to join the conversation?