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# Getting ready for right triangles and trigonometry

Practicing finding right triangle side lengths with the Pythagorean theorem, rewriting square root expressions, and visualizing right triangles in context helps us get ready to learn about right triangles and trigonometry.
Let’s refresh some concepts that will come in handy as you start the right triangles and trigonometry unit of the high school geometry course. You’ll see a summary of each concept, along with a sample item, links for more practice, and some info about why you will need the concept for the unit ahead.
This article only includes concepts from earlier courses. There are also concepts within this high school geometry course that are important to understanding right triangles and trigonometry. If you have not yet mastered the Introduction to triangle similarity lesson, it may be helpful for you to review that before going farther into the unit ahead.

## Pythagorean theorem

### What is this, and why do we need it?

The Pythagorean theorem is a, squared, plus, b, squared, equals, c, squared, where a and b are lengths of the legs of a right triangle and c is the length of the hypotenuse. The theorem means that if we know the lengths of any two sides of a right triangle, we can find out the length of the last side. We can find right triangles all over the place—inside of prisms and pyramids, on maps when we're finding distance, even hiding inside of equilateral triangles!

### Practice

Problem 1.1
• Current
Find the value of x in the triangle shown below.

### Where will we use this?

Here are a few of the exercises where reviewing the Pythagorean theorem might be helpful:

## Simplify square root expressions

### What is this, and why do we need it?

For geometry, the square root function takes the area of a square as the input and give the length of a side of the square as an output. We'll use square root expressions when we use the Pythagorean theorem to find a side length. The trigonometric ratios for benchmark angles like 30, degree, 45, degree, and 60, degree depend on square root expressions.

### Practice

Problem 2.1
• Current
Simplify.
Remove all perfect squares from inside the square root.
root, start index, end index, equals

### Where will we use this?

Here are a few of the exercises where reviewing square root expressions might be helpful.

## Visualizing right triangles in context

### What is this, and why do we need it?

Remember how there are right triangles hiding everywhere? To apply the Pythagorean theorem and trigonometry in context, we need to notice where the right angles are and think about what the hypotenuse and legs represent. Then we figure out where the measurements we have fit into the picture.

### Practice

Problem 3.1
• Current
The Memphis Pyramid in the US is a right, square-based pyramid with a height of 98, start text, space, m, end text. Each side of the base is 180, start text, space, m, end text.
Which diagram best relates the given information to the ell of the pyramid?