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## Algebra (all content)

### Course: Algebra (all content)>Unit 3

Lesson 13: Constructing linear models for real-world relationships

# Linear functions word problem: pool

Sal is given a verbal description of a real-world relationship involving a pool being filled with water, and is asked to draw the graph that represents this relationship.

## Want to join the conversation?

• why did he plot the second point on (10, 160) and not in (10,60)? • At in the video, he's already plotted (20, 220) and he's deciding where to put the second point. He's decided that the second point is going to be (10, y), where y is the water level at x = 10 minutes. The information required to reverse engineer this information is in bold print below:
``Omojobi is 220 centimeters tall. He wanted to fill up his pool so that the water level would be as high as he is tall. The water level rose by 6 centimeters each minute and reached the desired height after 20 minutes.``

10 minutes at 6 cm per minute = 10 min ∙ 6 cm/min = 10∙6 cm = 60 cm

The water level increased by 60 cm from y cm at 10 minutes to 220 cm at 20 minutes.
``y + 60 cm = 220 cmy = 220 cm - 60 cmy = 160 cm → second point plotted was (10, 160) ``

If you incorrectly assume that the water level increased by 60 cm from 0 cm at 0 minutes, then you would get the point (10, 60). In fact, the water level was at 100 cm at 0 minutes. You cannot assume an empty pool! Since you were not given the initial value of the water level, you have to work backwards in time from the point (20, 220), rather than forwards in time from the (unknown) y-intercept.
• 220 cm is very tall for a person, 7 ft 4 in. Thats really really tall. Even taller than my dad who is 6'9"! • How do I know whats X and whats Y. • dude, what the heck? can someone explain why we didn't just choose a random starting x-coordinate? seriously, its the little things that mess one up. • You can't draw a specific line by picking random number. If you pick random values, you get a random line.

To graph a specific line, you need either:
1) Two points (x, y) that are on the line
2) One point (x, y) and the slope of the line.

So, when given a word problem like this, you need to read it carefully to figure out what information you are given.

The problem tells you the pool needs to be filled to the same height as Omojobi. This is 220cm. It also tells you that it takes 20 minutes to reach this height. This is one point (20 min, 220 cm).

The problem also tells you tht the pools rose by 6cm per minute. This is the slope.

Sal needs to start graphing using the given point (20, 220). He can then find additional points by using the slope. This is where a little randomness can creap in. Sal chose to go with 10 minutes. He could have picked some other time for his 2nd point. But, for what ever time he picks, he needs to ensure the the Y value will correspond to the slope of the line. At 10 minutes, the time is 10 minutes earlier than 20. So, applu the slope: 6/1*10/10 = 60/10. This tells us the new point needs to be 60 cm smaller and 10 minutes earlier = the point (10, 160).

If Sal had chosen to go 5 minutes earlier (so at time 15 min), then the slope change would be: 6/1 * 5/5 = 30/5. This would create a point of (15, 190).

Hope this helps.
• I don't understand this
My brain cells are about to fry up someone help me 😭😭 • I know how to find my slope when I'm just given (Y*-Y*)\X*-X*).But I get so confused with word problems. • Does it make any difference if I put the second dot directly on 100 centimeters(y axis) when Sal put it on above 10 sec where 160? • The y-intercept changes if you take any other point along the x-axis; so, how did Sal know the water level at the beginning was exactly 100 cm when it could have just as easily been at an another height? It all seems arbitrary to me. • Why was 10 mins chosen? I'm not sure where the 10 came from as opposed to another number such as 15.
(1 vote) • Remember, lines have an infinite set of points (x, y).
I think Sal chose the 10 because the math was easy.
The problem tells us that after 20 mins, the water is at 220 cm. That's one point (20, 220).
Sal found his 2nd point by using the slope. The water rose 6 cm each min. So, in 10 minutes the water rose 6(10) = 60 cm. Sal subtracted 10 from 20 = 10 and then subtracted 60 from 220 = 160 to get his 2nd point (10, 160).
Hope this helps. 