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## AP®︎/College Statistics

### Course: AP®︎/College Statistics>Unit 6

Lesson 3: Random sampling and data collection

# Sampling method considerations

## Problem

Forest rangers at a national park want to take a sample of trees to estimate what proportion of trees in the park are infected with a certain disease. The population of trees in question is divided by a creek. East of the creek, most of the trees are oak. West of the creek, most trees are cedar, which are more likely to be infected.
The rangers are considering taking a stratified random sample using each side of the creek as strata. They'll sample trees from each side proportionately based on the total number of trees on each side.
Why might the rangers choose stratification instead of a simple random sample to estimate the proportion of infected trees?