Course: 5th grade > Unit 4Lesson 1: Strategies for adding and subtracting fractions with unlike denominators
Visually subtracting fractions: 3/4-5/8
Sal subtracts 3/4-5/8 using a fraction model for help.
Want to join the conversation?
- Is there a quicker way to do the math? For subtracting fractions; Like in your head for when your at the store or something. Please teach me if there is so I know how to like, that! Thanks!(281 votes)
- Find the common denominator,in this case,8.Then multiply 4 and 2 and you get 8.Do the same with the numerator and you get 6. 6/8 -5/8 is 1/8.Hope this helped.(43 votes)
- is 193 a prime number?(17 votes)
- Yes, 193 is a prime number because 193 only can be divisible by 1 and itself. A prime number means it only can be divisible by 1 and itself.(11 votes)
- I have 122,151 points now. Up vote this if you like snow days.(24 votes)
- So then how would you do 3/4-2/3, were the denominators can't go into each other?(10 votes)
- how do you set up fractions on here now.(15 votes)
- You first put the numerator number make a / and then add the denominator(0 votes)
- I keep studying how to subtract fractions, but it's so hard.AARRGGHH!
Can you plz help me?PLZZZZZZZ!
- I’ll show you an example: 2/3 – 2/5 = ?
First you find the least common denominator of 3 and 5 which is fifteen because 3 x 5 = 15 and 5 x 3 = 15. Secondly, you are going to do the same to the numerators: 2 x 5 = 10 and 2 x 3 = 6. You put the 10 in the numerator of 10/15 and put the 6 in the 6/15, then you simply subtract the numerators. 10 – 6 = 4. Then the answer would be 4/15. Hope this helps!(8 votes)
- but how do you reduce the fraction?(6 votes)
- To reduce a fraction, divide the numerator and the denominator by the GCF.
(1.) 8/12 (4 is the GCF of 8 and 12, so we will divide by that number.)
(2.) 2/3(7 votes)
- up vote this plz(7 votes)
- up vote me plz(5 votes)
- why im so comfusseed is this faster.(5 votes)
- You can go into settings and slow down the video if needed.(5 votes)
- Let's see if we can figure out with 3/4 minus 5/8 is. And we have 3/4 depicted right over here. You could view this entire bar as a whole, and we see that it is divided into four equal sections, and that three of them are shaded in. So those three that are shaded in, those represent 3/4 of the whole. So you see that right over there, and then this bar down here, you could view this as another whole. This is another whole right over here and you could see this divided into eight equal pieces, and five of them are shaded in. So that represents, that represents the 5/8. So we want to have 3/4, this green shaded area, and we want to take away the 5/8. So how could we do it? And even when you look at it visually, it might jump out at you. Whenever we add or subtract fractions, we like to think in terms of having the same denominator. Are we going to deal in fourths or eighths or 16s, or whatever else? So let's think about having a common denominator. And a good common denominator is going to be a common multiple of the two denominators right over here, and ideally their least common multiple. And one way that I like to tackle that, there's many ways to do it, is look at the larger of the two denominators, look at eight, and then keep looking at increasing multiples of eight until you find one that's also divisible by four, perfectly divisible by four. But with eight, you immediately say, "Well, eight is divisible by four," and that's clearly divisible by itself as well, so eight is actually the least common multiple of four and eight. So you can rewrite both of these, both of these fractions as something over eight. So the 3/4, you can write it as something over eight, and then subtracting from that, the 5/8, if you want to write that as something over eight, well, that's just going to be 5/8. And then you can figure out your actual answer. So how can we rewrite 3/4 to something over eight? Well, there's a couple of ways to think about doing it. One way, look. I had four in the denominator, now I'm going to have twice as many equal sections. I'm multiplied by two, so I'm going to have twice as many of the sections actually shaded in. So times two, 3/4 is the same thing as 6/8. And we can also see that visually. If we're going to have twice as many equal sections, here we have everything in fourths, but I'm going to divide, I'm going to turn this into twice as many equal sections so I have eighths. So let's do that. So let me... So you have this right here. Let me divide that. Let me divide that. Let me divide that, and then let me divide that, and now I went from fourths to eights. I have one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight equal sections, and we see that six of them are shaded in, that 3/4 is the same thing as 6/8. But regardless, now we can subtract. We have 6/8 and we want to take away five of the eighths. So we have 6/8, and we want to take away one, two, three, four, five of them, and those five of them correspond to these purple five right over here. We're taking away one, two, three, four, five. We're taking these away. So if you're just looking at the green, we started with 6/8, we're taking away one, two, three, four, five of them, and you can see that corresponds to the 5/8 down here and what are you left with? Well, you're just going to be left with, you're just going to be left with this 1/8 right over there. So it's just going to be 1/8. And you could see that numerically up here. If I have six of something, in this case it's 6/8, and I want to subtract five of that something, in this case 5/8, I'm going to be left with one of that something, or 1/8.